HCMC: Reflejando el centro, invirtiendo la lógica contemporánea

Autores/as

  • Bruno De Meulder Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
  • Kelly Shannon Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
  • Vu Thi Phuong Linh Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26754/ojs_zarch/zarch.2020154856

Palabras clave:

Sài Gòn, Chợ Lớn, Thủ Thiêm, Urbanismo del Agua

Resumen

Ciudad Ho Chi Minh (HCMC), la mayor aglomeración de Vietnam, es una multitud de ciudades y es donde el desarrollo espacial está intrínsecamente entrelazado con una estructura de agua en continua transformación. HCMC es una ciudad relativamente joven —la ciudadela fundacional data de finales del siglo XVIII— que, sin embargo, siempre fue compleja. Su naturaleza dicotómica original, con Chợ Lớn (China) y Sài Gòn (Vietnam), colonizó y domesticó con fuerza una ciénaga. Finalmente, fue colonizada por Francia (formalizada por la federación de Indochina 1887-1954). Posteriormente, la aglomeración experimentó un fuerte crecimiento y transformación durante la Guerra de Estados Unidos (1955-75), para explotar aún más incluso después de la (re) apertura al mercado en 1986 (Đổi Mới: el cambio a lo nuevo). El desarrollo de olas y choques (y perturbaciones significativas), de la mano de una enérgica intervención pública y una dinámica de laissez-faire, dio lugar a una extraña combinación: un entorno urbano parcialmente planificado y espontáneo, iterando entre decisiones de diseño conscientes ancladas a características territoriales (predominantemente definidas por estructuras de agua) y adiciones genéricas independientemente del terreno, entre tejidos estructurantes y no dirigidos. En medio de otra ola de crecimiento y expansión desenfrenada, la ciudad planea duplicar su centro hacia el este a través del río Sài Gòn en los distritos 2, 9 y Thu Duc, que están llenos de agua. Esto ofrece la ocasión de repensar audazmente la formación de la metrópolis deltaica tropical contemporánea. El artículo abogará por una alternativa para el futuro desarrollo de HCMC a través de la elaboración de un proyecto para el centro gemelo de Sài Gòn, previsto en un terreno interfluvial lleno de agua que está sistemáticamente permeado por canales, ramas de ríos, acequias, etc. El plan reconoce que el sistema hídrico define el registro espacial base del territorio y ancla inteligentemente el desarrollo urbano en este registro.

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Biografía del autor/a

Bruno De Meulder, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

Bruno De Meulder teaches urbanism at KU Leuven, is the current Programme Coordinator of MaHS and MaULP and the Vice-Chair of the Department of Architecture. With Kelly Shannon and Viviana d’Auria, he formed the OSA Research Group on Architecture and Urbanism. He studied engineering-architecture at KU Leuven, where he also obtained his PhD. He was a guest professor at TU Delft and AHO (Oslo) and held the Chair of Urban Design at Eindhoven University of Technology from 2001 to 2012. He was a partner of WIT Architecten (1994-2005). His doctoral research dealt with the history of Belgian colonial urbanism in Congo (1880-1960) and laid the basis for a widening interest in colonial and postcolonial urbanism. His urban design experience intertwines urban analysis and projection and engages with the social and ecological challenges that characterize our times.

Kelly Shannon , Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

Kelly Shannon teaches urbanism at KU Leuven, is the Programme Director of the Master of Human Settlements (MaHS) and Master of Urbanism, Landscape and Planning (MaULP) and a member of the KU Leuven's Social and Societal Ethics Committee (SMEC). She received her architecture degree at Carnegie-Mellon University (Pittsburgh), a post-graduate degree at the Berlage Institute (Amsterdam), and a PhD at the University of Leuven, where she focused on landscape to guide urbanization in Vietnam. She has also taught at the University of Colorado (Denver), Harvard’s GSD, University of Southern California, Peking University and The Oslo School of Architecture and Design amongst others. Before entering academia, Shannon worked with Hunt Thompson (London), Mitchell Giurgola Architects (New York), Renzo Piano Building Workshop (Genoa) and Gigantes Zenghelis (Athens). Most of her work focuses on the evolving relation of landscape, infrastructure and urbanization.

Vu Thi Phuong Linh , Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

Vu Thi Phuong Linh is currently developing a PhD on water urbanism at KU Leuven where she also obtained her Master of Human Settlements degree. She has worked as an urban planner for the Southern Institute of Spatial Planning as well as a consultant for European Union-Vietnam, UNDP and the World Bank in the field of urban resilience and sustainable development in Vietnam. Her practical experiences across various scales: from urban to regional, mostly in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) and Mekong Delta regions. She has taught and managed the architecture department at Yersin University (Dalat, Lam Dong Province, Vietnam). She has also given guest lectures at HCMC Architecture University, HCMC Technology University and Ton Duc Thang University. As well, she is involved in a number of media and art agencies such as ASHUI Publishers, City on the Hills- Art Connect Us, which seek to strengthen the education environment in Vietnam.

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Publicado

2021-01-27