Una única estrategia: el Southeastern Massachusetts Technological Institute de Paul Rudolph

  • Débora Domingo-Calabuig Universitat Politècnica de València
Palabras clave: Paul Rudolph, Southeastern Massachusetts Technological Institute, Tercera Generación, campus planning, nueva universidad

Resumen

Paul Rudolph trabajó en el Southeastern Massachusetts Technological Institute desde 1963 hasta 1991. Pese a no ser una de sus obras más divulgadas en ese momento, recientes publicaciones la han revalorizado por evidenciar la coherencia entre pensamiento y proyecto en un caso de la construcción a gran escala. Este campus de nueva planta permitió a Rudolph concebir una ‘obra abierta’ que abarcaba desde su ordenación urbana hasta su materialización. Otras nuevas universidades abordaron esta forma de proceder, pero Rudolph fue pionero en su tierra en el planteamiento de un sistema de proyecto fundamentado en una estrategia única. Gracias a fuentes documentales de investigaciones previas, este trabajo reconstruye gráficamente el edificio de Artes y Humanidades, primera fase construida, considerada germen del proyecto. La trama compositiva y la utilización de un bloque de hormigón prefabricado se desvelan como herramientas base que permiten la flexibilidad del proyecto. En el Southeastern Massachusetts Technological Institute, Rudolph centró su atención en el proceso de proyecto bajo la confianza de que éste devendría en producto, adscribiéndose así al ideario de los arquitectos de la tercera generación.

Biografía del autor/a

Débora Domingo-Calabuig, Universitat Politècnica de València

Débora Domingo-Calabuig (Valencia, 1972) has been an architect since 1997, after studying in the School of Architecture of the Universitat Politécnica de València (UPV) and the School of Architecture of Paris-La Défense, and a PhD architect since 2005 through the UPV. She joined the Department of Architectural Projects in the UPV in 2000 where she is currently a PhD associate professor. Between 2012 and 2016, she was the assistant director for research for the School of Architecture in Valencia and is a member of Research Academy of the European Association for Architectural Education. Her research is focused on the social consideration of architecture and urbanism during the 60s and 70s. She has developed alongside professor Raúl Castellanos Gómez a research project on the mat-building whose results have been published in Boletín Académico Contemporáneo (2011), Proyecto, progreso, arquitectura (2011, 2012), The Architectural Review (2013), DEARQ (2015), and arq: Architectural Research Quarterly (2016). Recently, this research has led her to the re-compiling of the post-war university campuses since some case studies are perfectly in line with the definition of “open work” by Umberto Eco. dedoca@pra.upv.es

Citas

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Publicado
2018-07-20
Sección
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